Jack O'Latern Halloween-Geschichte zum Ursprung der Kürbislaterne. Kürbislampe ein ausgehöhlter Kürbis mit Kerze als Symbol für Halloween. Jack Skellington, ein dürres Skelett im Nadelstreifenanzug, ist der Kürbiskönig und das große Vorbild aller Bewohner von Halloween Town, einer Stadt, in der. Die Legende von Jack O`LanternVor sehr langer Zeit lebte in Irland ein Hufschmied namens Jack. Eines Abend vor Allerheiligen saß der geizige und.
Halloween: Der irische Trunkenbold Jack O’Lantern prägte den BrauchJack Skellington, ein dürres Skelett im Nadelstreifenanzug, ist der Kürbiskönig und das große Vorbild aller Bewohner von Halloween Town, einer Stadt, in der. Das ist die Halloween-Geschichte von Jack o' Lantern (Jack mit der Laterne): Vor langer Zeit lebte in Irland ein Hufschmied. Er hieß Jack, war ein schlimmer. Die Legende von Jack O`LanternVor sehr langer Zeit lebte in Irland ein Hufschmied namens Jack. Eines Abend vor Allerheiligen saß der geizige und.
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Joaca pe bani reali! Producator: NetEnt. Data lansarii: RTP: Variatie: Ridicata. Joaca Halloween Jack la:. Grafica 4. Total 3. Infobase Publishing, Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide.
Infobase publishing. Infobase Publishing. Archived from the original on 23 April Retrieved 19 October They were both respected and feared.
The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries. Marian The Silver Bough, Volume 3. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Credo Reference. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition.
In The Celtic Consciousness , ed. Robert O'Driscoll. New York: Braziller, The Religion of the Ancient Celts. Welsh Government.
Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones.
Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits. Now, they kept away the devil. Hallowe'en: its origin, rites and ceremonies in the Scottish tradition.
Albyn Press, British Folk Customs. Hutchinson, Oral folk-tales of Wessex. It is the medieval Christian festivals of All Saints' and All Souls' that provide our firmest foundation for Halloween.
From emphasizing dead souls both good and evil , to decorating skeletons, lighting candles for processions, building bonfires to ward off evil spirits, organizing community feasts, and even encouraging carnival practices like costumes, the medieval and early modern traditions of "Hallowtide" fit well with our modern holiday.
Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October Nicholas Magazine.
And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: 'Soul, souls, for a soul-cake; Pray you good mistress, a soul-cake!
A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face. Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.
Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. Quote: "Soul cakes were small cakes baked as food for the deceased or offered for the salvation of their souls.
They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead. The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice".
Cake: A Slice of History. Pegasus Books. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.
Cambria Press. Pelican Publishing Company. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.
Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils.
It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween. The Halloween Handbook.
Kensington Publishing Corporation. Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.
These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.
The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night. Pelican Publishing, Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend.
Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions. Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost.
This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: in some cultures, the poor would go door to door to collect them in exchange for praying for the dead a practice called souling , often carrying lanterns made of hollowed-out turnips.
Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.
Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.
University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.
Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future. Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.
And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.
Christianity Today. Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.
On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.
Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.
Gorham, p. Christian Origins of Halloween. Rose Publishing. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.
Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.
The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.
He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.
Halloween in a Globalising World". Gunnell and Co. The Halloween Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp.
Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern!
Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. New York: Oxford University Press. Burns: A Study of the Poems and Songs. Retrieved 27 November Legends and Lore of South Carolina.
The History Press. The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling. Halloween Delights.
Whispering Pine Press International. The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.
The Irish Times. The expression trick or treat has only been used at front doors for the last 10 to 15 years. Before that "Help the Halloween Party" seems to have been the most popular phrase to holler.
Collins English Dictionary. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St. Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.
The Guardian. The Morning Oregonian. Quote: "Trick or treat? Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 14 November Good Housekeeping.
Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 16 October Fox News. Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 17 October Stackpole Books.
All Hallows' Eve. A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.
Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk. Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.
Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.
These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion.
McFarland, Mercier Press, Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise. Philadelphia: Penn Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 8 December Vintage Holiday Crafts.
Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Irish Examiner. Sneaker Freaker. James Joyce Quarterly. Cambridge University Press — via Google Books.
Hudson Valley Magazine. Retrieved 6 October NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July America Haunts.
Archived from the original on 8 March Trick or Treat: A History of Halloween paperback. United Kingdom: Reaktion Books.
Disney Editions. Inside The Magic. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July House of Doom. Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third Series.
July—December The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Simmer Magazine.
Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.
Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.
Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Ireland Central. Pelican Publishing.
Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.
Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve.
Andrew James Harvey 31 October The Patriot Post. Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century.
Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.
On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.
This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.
The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end.
Cor et Lumen Christi Community. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.
After Santa drops Jack off at Halloween Town, Jack learns the true meaning of Christmas by understanding the act of giving.
He dances with Sally in the end, finally realizing all of the gifts she had given to him were all from the heart and wishes to give her something in return.
She tells him that the nicest present she could ever ask for is just to be with Jack. Jack responds telling her that she does not even have to ask for that, meaning Jack feels the same way for her.
During a cut scene in the end credits, he is shown to be wearing his original suit, suggesting he has taken Santa's previous advice to heart completely, and apparently begins presenting new ideas for next Halloween.
In the Disney Infinity video game series , Jack appears as part of the second wave of playable characters. He has the ability to scare enemies and throw exploding Jack-O-Lanterns.
If he rides Ghost Rider 's motorcycle, his head will catch on fire, resembling Ghost Rider's flaming head. Jack and other characters appear throughout the ride wearing Christmas attire.
In a life-size Jack Skellington animatronic prop was released. The prop was six feet tall and sold exclusively at Spirit Halloween.
In the Disney Infinity toys-to-life series, Jack appears as part of the second wave of playable figurines. Jack has become one of Disney's most popular characters.
Jamie Frater adds, "Jack is perfectly realized as the 'town hero' who seeks more in his life or death, as it may be , a place we all find ourselves time to time.
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